Dyslexia is so much more than the common misconception of letter or number reversals (although this can happen, it is a typical ocurrence up until around age 7). Dyslexia also has different sub-types:
Phonological Dyslexia (or dysphonetic dyslexia/surface dyslexia)- trouble sounding out and blending words, phonemic awareness difficulties. For many individuals, reading is laborious. Sight words don't seem to "stick".
Visual Dyslexia (or dysedetic dyslexia)- Phonemic awareness is not a problem, neither is sounding out words. However, children often guess the first letter of the word and commonly mistake it for a different word. They cannot recognize words they just read a few seconds earlier. Reading comprehension often suffers because they misread and substitute many common words for other words (e.g., these for tree).
There is another sub-type called "deep dyslexia" and this one is very rare.
Here at Katy Psychological Services, PLLC, our psychologists are trained in diagnosing learning disabilities. Because no two children are alike (and sometimes there is more than one disability suspected), it is important that you discuss your concerns with our psychologist. Our job is to find out "why" your child is struggling and "how" to fix it.
Other Information You Might Need to Know:
Is testing for Learning Disabilities covered by my insurance?
Unfortunately, no. There are no insurance plans that cover educational testing. Why? This type of testing can be done in the school setting. You need to contact the school and formally request testing. In the school system, when you can request testing for dyslexia, which is part of general education. If you are concerned with other aspects of reading (e.g., reading comprehension), math, or writing, you are asking for a Full and Individual Evaluation (FIE). This is done to determine if your child meets criteria for a learning disability through special education. All of this is at no cost to you. However, the school must agree that testing is needed. The process takes 2-3 months once approved.
What should I look for in an assessment person?
Someone with training in learning disabilities such as dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia.
Dr. Villesca holds a dual license as a School Psychologist (sometimes referred to as the LSSP) and a Licensed Psychologist. This means that Katy Psychological Services can meet (and often exceed) requirements that schools need when considering what type of services that may be available to your child. Dr. Villesca is also pre-approved by Katy ISD to conduct Independent Educational Evaluations.
It is crucial that if you are investing in an evaluation that you consider a doctor who has specific training in school psychology and has the LSSP credential. Feel free to contact us for more information. Questions are always welcome as this is not a clear process to navigate! We are here to help!